The Data on Fatherhood

Selected excerpts from the State of the World’s Fathers Report:

  • Approximately 80 percent of men will become biological fathers at some point in their lives, and virtually all men have some connection to children – as relatives, as teachers, as coaches, or simply as community members.
  • Fathers’ involvement has been linked to higher cognitive development and school achievement, better mental health for boys and girls, and lower rates of delinquency in sons. Studies in multiple countries have shown that father’s interaction is important for the development of empathy and social skills in sons and daughters.
  • Women’s household responsibilities and duties have a significant effect on their ability to work outside the home, whether they are senior executives or subsistence farmers. While women’s participation in the paid labor market has been increasing in most of the world, women are still more likely than men to have lower-paid jobs and part-time jobs; to earn less than men do; and to be self- or family-employed, or to work in the informal sector.
  • Women’s unpaid care burden has the greatest impact on the poorest in society for whom additional time and income could make the most difference. In Sub-Saharan Africa, 71 percent of the burden of collecting water for households falls on women and girls, who in total spend 40 billion hours a year collecting water, equivalent to a year’s worth of labor by the entire workforce in France.